Directories domain hosting HTML Website

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Basic HTML Web Design Idea PART 1

This part 2 includes directories domain hosting html website and much more details about how to post.

Understanding Directories (Folders)

If you create other directories (folders) on the computer containing other images or HTML files, it is essential to understand the directory structure of how the server will access other folders. Sometimes, users create a bad directory by mistake which lets the page to work offline instead on the Internet or from another computer.

When you access files in other directories which are ahead of the existing directories, at first identifies the directory and then the file name.

For instance, if you are trying to display or access the image file mypic.gif in the image folder; create a link as shown below.

               image/myphoto.gif

⇓                         ⇓

   Directory Type       File Name

Now, if you want to access the image file mypic.gif (back one directory), you can use the example below:

../myphoto.gif

In this example, you can see two dots (..). These dots tell the browser to go back one directory. But if you want to go back one directory and then into another directory you have to do ../ at first and then the directory just like following example:

../other/myphoto.gif

 

You can apply this rule to many directories back as possible.

For example, if you wanna go back four directories and then go into the images directory, you have to do like the following example:

../../../../image/myphoto.gif.

PC (Windows) users do a common mistake. The mistake is that the HTML editor may identify the file to be located in the hard drive of computer, such as c:\mywebpage\image\myphoto.gif. This works very fine locally on the computer hard drive but the problem occurs when posted on the Internet; no one will be display the file except but the person with the file locally.

Sensitive Case

Many of the Internet servers are using Unix or a *nix variant. If you link to a file such as Mypage.htm on the server with Unix variant and the file on the server is mypage.htm, then the server will not be able to find it due to the capital M. We always suggest to create all web pages, images, and files in lowercase.

Method of Posting the Website

For most of the people, it is a very complicated step to post the website files on the Internet. You must have to post your website on a server so that your web page can be viewable to other users.You will find a wide diversity of methods of posting a website on the Internet. Among them, I am explaining here a common one.

Both of Internet Service Providers and web hosting companies provide File Transfer Protocol, abbreviated as FTP. FTP permits the users to copy files from computer to server. PC users have two facilities. One is to utilize the FTP program included with Windows and the other is to download an FTP program. Using one of these tools the users can send his or her files, if the server permits FTP access.

Connecting to the server locate your folder or directory containing your web page. Generally, this folder is public_html. If you use Windows FTP, type cd public_html or type dir to see the folder name. You also can open the folder through CUTEFTP or the FTP client program you are opening. Once in this folder, you will be able to send your HTML files to the server to access them over the Internet. Windows FTP users to send your files, for instance, type send index.htm.

Your Internet Service Provider or Web Hosting Company may also have instructions for posting your website and sometimes may have a web based client, which permits the users to transfer their files using a website. In that case, you do not have to follow the above commands. If you cannot post your website following the above recommendations we suggest you to review through your Internet Service provider or Web Hosting company documentation.

Setting up a domain name

See “Domain Name Registration Process“  to know the process of domain name set up.

 Web Hosting 

Web hosting permits you to have another company store and to maintain website for you or your company. The web hosting company may or may not be required to depend upon what is accessible through your Internet Service Provider. You can check with your Internet Service provider to see if they provide a comparable solution to other Web Hosting companies. While setting up with a web hosting company, we recommend verifying the following information with them before setting up of the page becomes complete.

  • Domain Registering – Verify that the company permits your company to have a domain such as www.partsofpc.com and check if they can set up it for you. If so, how much will it charge?

 

  • Forwarding E-mail – Check if the company lets e-mail forwarding to forward e-mail from one e-mail address to another, such as from username@yourdomain.com to your personal e-mail address.

 

  • Company Changing – Check the policies very carefully and see how easy it will be for you changing to another company if the time comes

 

  • Support – Verify the hours of phone support operation and check if the number is a toll-free number.

 

  • Business Account – Check that if the company will charge additional fees if you want to sell something off of your website.

 

  • Site Statistics –Check that if the company offers site statistics for your web page, allowing you to observe how well your website is doing.

 

  • Limitations of Bandwidth – Verify if the company has a strict bandwidth limitation because a strict bandwidth limitation may keep down the amount of traffic you are capable of receiving. Yes, it is true that all companies have a limit, but verify it is something which is unexpected to be broken.

 

  • Front Page Extensions –It is a good idea to verify the availability of Front Page extension even though all users do not use this feature.   If you use Front Page, verify Front Page Extensions are supported.

 

  • CGI, Perl, and PHP Scripts – If you do not set up a page with CGI, Perl, or PHP script does it immediately and verify the server supports this. It is important for your future use because this permits you to set up message boards, counters, guest books and other various important features.

 

Conclusion: Don’t think all the information written in this article is enough for designing web pages. It is only a basic knowledge. You need to have a good understanding of the concepts of HTML and FTP with a good knowledge about CSS so that you can properly format and lay out your web page. Knowing about CGI programming language such as Perl or PHP is also obligatory to be a good web designer.

But if it seems very overwhelming to learn more than the basics, then there are dozens of CMS services, e.g. WordPress. CMS service can make it easy for you to set up and design your web page. There are also several online blog services to set up a blog and you do not have to worry about the hassles of all the programming.

 

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